Infection prevention programs lay the foundation for eradicating an infection from their roots in a designated facility or environment, specifically after occupants suffering from a disease have vacated the place. This program consists of:
Eradicating or, at least, significantly reducing the chances of viral spreads from the infected environment.
Waves of facility planning, designing, construction, renovation, and maintenance.
Correlating and analyzing knowledge about infection, infectious agents, looking after the environment, and allowing the organization to foresee the possible result.
Before you seek out an Infection control assessment, you must go through the ICRA elements listed in Chapter 1.5 of the AIA Guild lines that were released in 2006. In 2006, a new edition of the ICRA elements was released where each was divided into a separate area i.e., process for design, construction and mitigation.
This is an area of ICRA that requires a long-term vision for planning purposes. Whether a new building is being constructed or an older one is being fully renovated, ICRA’s design ads a new component “finishes and surfaces” that enhances and increases the life of the facility. Determinants include:
The number, location, and the kind of airborne infection precautions and the environment rooms for shielding.
Identification and allotment of the specific filtration and ventilation in the building that may include the waiting area or the emergency department.
Ventilation and air handling to be used in airborne infection isolation and shielding environment rooms, local exhaust systems for poisonous agents, surgical services, laboratories and other areas.
Water regulation systems to limit Legionella sp. and other waterborne opportunistic pathogens
The surfaces and finishes.
While construction is an integral part of the ICRA, here are the factors taken into consideration due to the anticipation of the building being affected:
Acknowledgement of locations at risk
Assessment of the specific dangers and protection levels for each
Results of disrupting vital services to employee and patients
Allotment of patients by the vulnerability to infections and the definition of stakes for each
Impact of potential light-out or emergency scenarios on the patients and the measures for ensuring patient protection taken during an unplanned or a planned outage. Furthermore, movement of remnants, cleanup, flow of traffic, testing and certifying after verdict.
Evaluation of internal as well as external activities